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Title: Ysbryd y Mwynwyr - Spirit of the Miners
Waterwheel at LlywernogCwm YstwythOchre
 
furnace waterwheel

The Taliesin Mines


Tre Taliesin
Tre Taliesin

As the streets of terraced houses and cottages show, Tre Taliesin is a village with an industrial past. Lead and copper mining have played an important part in its history.In the late 19th century, the village was dominated by the Pwll Roman lead mine, one of several in the neighbourhood. Even today, part of the village is known as “The Romans”.




Roman Legionary
Roman Legionary

As the name suggests, there has been a long-held tradition here that the Romans mined in this area some 2000 years ago.Recent archaeological finds show that the tradition was well-founded. A Roman road is known to pass close to the village and at Erglodd, just south of the village, a small Roman fortlet has been identified alongside the modern road.

The name Erglodd (or Eurglawdd) refers to gold (aur in Welsh), small quantities of which were being mined in the area as recently as the 19th century. The presence of gold, as well as silver, lead and copper in this area must have been attractive to the Romans and the fortlet may have been built to protect an mining operation here.




Excavating the furnace
Excavating the furnace


In 2004, archaeologists discovered the remains of a Roman lead smelting furnace near the fortlet. The furnace crucible and slag were uncovered and proved to date to Roman times by radiocarbon dating. Some Roman glass was also found at the site






Brynyrarian Tip
Brynyrarian Tip



Although the origins of mining here are ancient, the landscape is full of evidence for the mining boom of the mid-19th century. The ruined buildings and spoil tips of mines such as Erglodd, Brynyrarian and Pensarn dot the hills above the village, evocative symbols of our mining heritage.


Pwll Roman Plan
Pwll Roman Plan

Pwll Roman Colman Share
Pwll Roman Colman Share

Pwll Roman section
Pwll Roman section

The display panel in Taliesin

The display panel in Taliesin - you can read the text on the panel above


Read more about the project background and its work in: Talybont, Furnace, Bontgoch, Tre'r Ddôl or listen to the audio files.